Additional Diabetes Information:
Diabetes is characterized by elevated blood sugar, the body capacity to properly manage disorders of carbohydrate metabolism disorder. At the top is the main cause of both blindness and kidney failure, diabetes can cause nerve damage and circulation problems, which a few people at higher risk of heart disease and stroke. Despite the huge burden of diabetes place in society, many people harbor some misconceptions about the disease.
Misconception # 1: Diabetes mellitus is a disease that children get, so if you can not get it if you do not need to be concerned about.
Misconception # 2: Diabetes mellitus is a disease in old people and middle-aged people do not need to worry about.
Misconception # 3: When older people get diabetes, it is easy, so you do not have a lot of attention.
There are several types of diabetes, but for the sake of this article, we are talking about type 1 and type 2. Both of the species include high blood sugar and abnormal fat and protein metabolism.
Type 1 diabetes accounts for only 5% to 10% of patients with diabetes usually affects young (also known as juvenile diabetes occurred).
Type 2 diabetes, previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes, is responsible for the cry 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases in adults. The Type 2 usually appears after age 45, half of all people with the disease before the age of 60.
After eating carbohydrates (sugar) levels rise, even if you actually eat sugar. As a result, your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone escorts sugar into cells starved or burned for energy or store it for later use. Insulin may facilitate the transport of sugar, but the number of places, from your liver and muscles of other body cells, including fat cells.
Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune reaction destroys pancreatic beta cells, body cells can only produce the hormone insulin that regulates blood glucose (sugar). People with this type of diabetes need insulin injections to survive without insulin injections, death may occur days mat.
Insulin resistance is a key feature of type 2 diabetes, a disorder in which cells do not use insulin properly, the gradual loss of the pancreas' ability to produce more insulin in response to increased demand.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with many factors, including older people, obesity, positive family history of diabetes history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity and race / ethnicity. Because type 2 diabetes need insulin shots, many people mistakenly believe that the disease is not serious.
Due to lack of Type 1 diabetes completely insulin usually starts with a sudden visual symptoms such as extreme thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, or unexplained weight loss. Type 2, the symptoms take longer to show, as glucose levels are slow, because the patients in the insulin delivery systems. As a result, half the people suffering from Type 2 diabetes do not know they have it until complications begin to run and because they go untreated for a long time, they spend a higher risk of more complications.
If necessary, plasma glucose test may be carried out in individuals who have taken food or drink shortly before the test. Such tests are referred to as casual plasma glucose or random measurements without the last meal time. Casual plasma glucose greater or equal to 200 mg / dL with symptoms, diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. This measurement must be repeated to confirm the second FPG test or OGTT completed in the next day if the patient's clinical condition allows.
How to get the best treatment
Lifestyle modification, including diet and exercise, and new drugs are based on an approach to control type 2 diabetes and related issues, such as hypertension, high triglyceride levels, low HDL (good) and so on diabetes treatment goals are to eliminate symptoms and prevent, or at least slow the development of complications.
Caught in the early stage of type 2 diabetes can often be controlled with just diet and exercise. Eighty percent of patients are overweight, get rid of a few pounds can have a major positive impact on blood sugar, metabolic status, blood pressure and cholesterol. Unlike type 1 diabetes who need to carefully monitor the balance of carbohydrates and other food products, with each meal, patients with type 2 can only cut calories. The best way to do this is to reduce saturated fat and increase of grain, fruit and vegetable consumption.
Exercise reduces the body's insulin requirements increase cell sensitivity to insulin. To start, 20 minute walk every evening, taking stairs instead of the elevator at work or purchase is recommended. When alone is not enough exercise and diet to control diabetes, medication time. There are various medications that can help with diabetes type 2.