Additional Diabetes Information:
Gall Bladder is found in vertebrates which stores bile juice produced by the liver. The bile juice gets poured into the small intestine from the gall bladder. Though gall bladder plays a great role in human digestive mechanism but humans can survive without it as well. The gallbladder has remained a vulnerable human organ which easily gets deceased. Gallbladder cancer and gallstones are the common reasons for removal of gall bladder which is known as Cholecystectomy.
Types of Gall Bladder Surgery:
There are majorly three types of Gall Bladder Surgery:
- Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
- Gallbladder Draining (Cholecystostomy)
In Cholecystectomy, whole of the gallbladder is removed as your body doesn't require this organ to digest food. This method of operation is very common and is known as laparoscopic surgery or keyhole surgery for gallbladder. This method is easier and there is very short recovery period required in this.
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is used when one or more gallstone migrates from the gallbladder to the bile duct which is used to pour bile juice to the small intestine. An endoscope is used to figure out the gallstone and when find, it is removed by the endoscope using some instrument. In this, a camera is adjusted to the endoscope which is inserted through the mouth and travels till the bile duct and detects the condition of gall bladder. The gallbladder is generally removed followed by the removal of gallstones as they are going to be more stones.
In Gallbladder Draining (Cholecystostomy), the doctors insert a needle through your abdomen and decompress the gallbladder. This method is used when the patient can't go through normal surgery due to medical reasons. This method is rarely used these days as the gallstones do not perish completely and they can form again after sometimes. Usually, after this surgery, the gallbladder is removed through other methods after sometime.
There are various other methods that are used to treat gall bladder disorders. These methods are mostly non surgical. One of them is lithotripsy. In this, the gallstones are broken into pieces by passing sound waves and are later removed through the bile duct. This is method is mostly used to remove kidney stones but are seldom used to remove gallstones as well but these cases are found very rarely as doctors don't advise in general cases.