Diabetic is a chronic disease with no known cure, except in very specific situations. The management targets on maintaining blood sugar stages as near to standard (“euglycemia”) as possible without causing blood sugar.Diabetes is often referred to by the doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar (glucose) in the blood, either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the cell body is not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients usually have high blood sugar experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become hungry (polyphagia) and increasingly thirsty (polydipsia).There are three types of diabetic
Type One diabetes – Body does not yield insulin. Most people may refer to this as insulin-dependent diabetes, children diabetes or initial onset diabetes. The people typically develop type 1 diabetes before the age of 40, often in adolescence or adulthood.Type 1 diabetes cannot be compare to type 2 diabetes. The approximately 10% of all cases of diabetes are type 1. Type 1 diabetes patients must take insulin injections for the remains of his life. They must also provide adequate blood glucose stages by regular blood sample and taking a special diet.
Type Two diabetes – The body does not yield sufficient insulin to perform properly or the body's cells do not respond to insulin (insulin resistance).About 90% of all cases of diabetes in the world has the type 2.Diabetic patients to measure the blood glucose level in blood Measuring glucoseMany people may be able to control their symptoms of type 2 diabetes by eating healthy, losing weight, doing a lot of exercise and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is usually a progressive disease – it gradually getting worse – and the patient is likely to end up having to take insulin tablet.People who are obese and overweight have a complex danger of developing type 2 diabetes compared with those with a healthy weight. People that have visceral fat, also called as central obesity, abdominal obesity or belly fat are especially at risk. Obese and overweight causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the cardiovascular and metabolic systems of the body.The physically inactivity, overweight and eating the wrong foods all contribute to the risk of developing diabetes type 2. Drink one box (non-diet) soda a day can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%, scientists at Imperial College London released in the paper Diabetologia. They believe that the impact of sugary soft drinks in the risk of diabetes can be direct, rather than simply influence on body weight.The danger of developing type 2 diabetes is also as we age. Experts are not entirely sure why, but they say as we age, we tend to accumulate weight and become less bodily active. People who have a close relative who has/had type 2 diabetes, people in the Middle East, Africa or South Asian descent also have a higher risk of developing the disease.Men whose testosterone stages are found to have a higher danger of developing type 2 diabetes, researchers from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, said that the level of testosterone is associated with insulin resistance.
Gestational diabetes – This kind disturbs pregnant women. Some women got very high blood glucose levels, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to carry the glucose into the cells, resulting in a gradual increase in blood glucose. Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy.Most patients with gestational diabetes can control their diabetes with diet and exercise. Between 10% and 20% of them will have to take some type of medication to control blood glucose. The undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications during childbirth. The child may be more than he/she should be.Scientists from the Harvard University and National Institutes of Health showed that women whose diets before pregnancy was high in animal fat and cholesterol have a higher risk for gestational diabetic, compared with their counterparts whose diets are low in cholesterol and animal fat.
However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present – insulin allows our cells to take in glucose.Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases a sufficient amount of insulin to move glucose from the blood into cells as glucose enters the blood glucose cells fall. Diabetic person have a condition where the fasting blood glucose level is too high (hyperglycemia). Indeed, the body does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond to insulin, the pancreas produces. This results in an excessive amount of glucose in the blood. This excess blood glucose eventually goes out through urine. If the blood has sufficient glucose, the cells do not receive for their basic energy needs and growth. Control diabetic – the treatment is effective and important. All types of diabetic can be treated. Type 1 diabetes last a lifetime, there is no certain cure. Type 2 usually lasts a lifetime, but some people have gotten rid of their symptoms, without drugs, through a combination of exercise, diet and weight control. Type 1 patients are treated with regular insulin injections and a special diet and exercise.Patients with type 2 diabetic are usually treated with tablets as exercise and a special diet, but sometimes required insulin injections.If diabetes is not adequately controlled, the patient has a meaningfully advanced danger of developing problems.