Diabetes Signs Symptoms

Additional Diabetes Information:

A person who is suffering from Diabetic Coma is alive but cannot be awaken. He cannot respond to stimuli like lights, sounds or human speech. It is usually caused by prolonged blood sugar extremes. Warning signs include perspiration and hunger.

This condition cannot be treated. Prevention strategies to keep diabetes in control are generally used to preclude occurrence of this condition.

Diabetic coma usually displays symptoms related to hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.

Symptoms of High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) :-

  1. Increased thirst and urination
  2. Increased hunger
  3. Fatigue
  4. Nausea and vomiting
  5. Weight loss
  6. Rapid heartbeat
  7. Dryness of mouth
  8. Abdominal pain

Symptoms of Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) :-

  1. Hunger
  2. Nausea
  3. Nervousness
  4. Irritability
  5. Fatigue
  6. Confusion
  7. Speech difficulties

Complications:-

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis: – When body cells are depleted of energy, they start breaking fats. Ketones formed in this process are toxic and they may cause this condition. It usually occurs in people who have gestational diabetes or Type 2 diabetes.
  • Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome: – This condition occurs when blood sugar level rises to more than milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 33.3 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). As a result, blood becomes thick with sugar. The excessive strain on kidneys to filter blood compels them to draw excessive fluids from body cells which amy cause dehydration and coma.
  • Hypoglycemia:- When the brain cells do not get adequate amount of sugar, they become enervated. As a result, a person may experience fainting spells. It can be caused by rigorous exercising.

Risk factors:-

  1. Type 1 Diabetes:- It increases the risk of coma by causing low blood sugar or Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  2. Type 2 Diabetes:- In middle aged or older adults, if this disorder is present, it can cause Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome

If both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are present, they can increase the risk of Coma by causing following conditions:-

  1. Less insulin intake:-If insulin pump is not working properly, it cause reduction in insulin intake of the body. If type 1 diabetes is present, it can cause diabetic ketoacidosis.
  2. Other illnesses: – other illnesses like Kidney disorders or sudden trauma may cause blood sugar level to rise. If untreated with insulin intake, it can increase the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis.
  3. Improper management of Diabetes:- If diabetes is not managed properly through regular blood sugar level tests and regular medications, it can cause coma and long run complications.
  4. Not using insulin: – Skipping insulin dosages may cause potential complications. This is most evident in people who have eating disorder and who skip dosage in the hope to lose weight.
  5. Alcoholism and substance abuse

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