Diabetes Treatment Guidelines

Additional Diabetes Information:

Annie was a normal dog. That is until she began to get dog allergies and the doctor prescribed steroids to help her overcome the itching that accompanied her redness and soreness. Over the years I had heard stories about humans that have had bad reactions to steroids, I had just not encountered it in dogs.

The other alternative is that the pancreas continues to produce insulin but the body has become resistant to it, negating the sugar reducing affect it has on the blood. This is termed type 2 diabetes. A similar condition happens to pregnant women. This is known as gestational diabetes and will start during pregnancy and stop after the birth.

While diabetes mellitus is characterized by high blood sugar level, resulting from low insulin (hormone which controls the sugar level in blood) level, the characteristic symptoms are excessive urine production (polyuria), excessive thirst, and increased fluid intake (polydipsia) and blurred vision.

Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar (glucose) levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes affects the mother in late pregnancy, after the baby's body has been formed, but while the baby is busy growing. Because of this, gestational diabetes does not cause the kinds of birth defects sometimes seen in babies whose mothers had diabetes before pregnancy.

Any form of stress, particularly an acute infection or neglect of treatment due to carelessness can lead to ketoacidosis. There is intense thirst and polyuria. Constipation, muscle cramps and altered vision are common. Hyperventilation with low blood pressure and acetone may be smelt in the breath and finally it may lead to coma. Glycosuria and ketonuria would be present. Blood glucose levels may be as high as 360-720 mg/dl and low plasma bicarbonate and blood pH.

Smoking cessation treatment is able to help smokers to get rid of their smoking habit. Being a smoker is not a good thing at all because it is addictive, wasteful and deteriorates one's health. Breaking the smoking habit can takes a long time to accomplish. Nonetheless, this particular treatment has some disadvantages.

The so-called diabetic ketoacidosis may rapidly develop. With no insulin, most cells cannot make use of the glucose that is present in the blood. Cells still require energy to stay alive, so they toggle to a back-up mechanism to acquire energy. Fat cells start to break down, producing some substances called ketones.

Increased urination and increased thirst occur as a result of an inadequate amount of insulin or insulin resistance in diabetes, which then results in the increased blood glucose (hyperglycemia). Because without insulin blood glucose cannot be used by cells, it circulates in the blood stream and eventually is secreted by kidneys into the urine, where it binds to water.

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